Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Why is the rSAT verbal benchmark so much lower than the math

Image credit: Essayontime.com.au The SAT and ACT have released their scores for the class of 2018, accompanied by the predictable wailing and gnashing of teeth about persistently low levels of STEM achievement. As Nick Anderson of the Washington Post reports: Forty-nine percent of students in this year’s graduating class who took the SAT received a math score indicating they had a strong chance [75%] of earning at least a C in a college-level math class, according to data made public Thursday. That was significantly lower than on the reading and writing portion of the tests: 70 percent of SAT-takers reached a similar benchmark in that area. What the article quite remarkably fails to mention is that the benchmark verbal score, 480, is a full 50 points lower than that for math. Given the discrepancy, it is  entirely unsurprising that fewer students met the benchmark in math. Let’s try some basic — and I do mean basic — critical thinking with statistics, shall we? To understand what a 480 verbal score on the redesigned SAT actually means, consider that it translates into about 430 on the pre-2016 exam, which in turn translates into about a 350 (!) on the pre-1995 SAT. This is not â€Å"college ready† in any meaningful sense of the term. In my experience, students scoring in this range typically struggle to do things such as identify when a statement is a sentence, or grasp the concept that texts are making arguments as opposed to â€Å"just saying stuff.† But to reiterate one of my favorite points, this is in part why the SAT was changed: the decline in reading/writing scores was becoming embarrassing. And if you can’t change the students, the only other option is to change the test, and the scoring system along with it. But that alone doesn’t answer the question of why there should be such a large gap between the math and verbal cutoffs.  I think there are multiple issues at play here. The first and most charitable explanation is that it is simply easier to pass an introductory college-level English classes than it is to pass college-level math classes. Grading in STEM classes is typically more rigorous than in humanities classes, and so it is not surprising that the corresponding SAT score would be lower as well. This is borne out by the ACT’s benchmarks, although whether the grading difference really translates into 50 points lower as opposed to, say, 10 or 20, is up for debate. But more about that in a bit. If you’ll bear with me, I think it’s instructive to first take a look at the ACT’s description of its own benchmarking process. The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are empirically derived based on the actual performance of college students. ACT has compiled an extensive database of course grade data from a large number of first-year students across a wide range of postsecondary institutions. The data were provided through ACT’s research services and other postsecondary research partnerships. The Benchmarks for English, mathematics, reading, and science were first established in 2005 and were updated in 2013 using data from more recent high school graduates (Allen and Sconing 2005; Allen 2013). The STEM (Mattern, Radunzel, and Westrick 2015; Radunzel, Mattern, Crouse, and Westrick 2015) and ELA (Radunzel et al. 2017) Benchmarks were established more recently. The data were weighted to be representative of ACT- tested high school students and two- and four- year colleges nationwide. (https://www.act.org/content/dam/act/unsecured/documents/pdfs/R1670-college-readiness-benchmarks-2017-11.pdf) The key phrase here is empirically derived based on the actual performance of college students. In contrast, the SAT benchmarks were established when the test was rolled out — that is, before there was an established sample whose actual college performance could be studied over time. As a result, they cannot be considered â€Å"evidence-based† in any normally understood sense of the phrase. Now, a reasonable assumption would be that the College Board derived its benchmarks at least in part from the ACT’s, which also show a large gap between the verbal benchmarks (English 18, Reading 21 and the math ones (22 Math, 23- Science).* Upon inspection, however, the correspondence breaks down — at least on the verbal side. According to the concordance table provided by the College Board, a 480 verbal translates into a 34 combined ACT English/Reading, or approximately 17 per section. The ACT Reading benchmark, however, is set a full five points higher, at a 22. If the College Board was actually basing its figures on the ACT, then the benchmark should have been around a 530 (the SAT equivalent of 18 + 22 = 40)  Ã¢â‚¬â€ exactly what it is for the Math. Instead, it is the equivalent of a point below the lower of the two ACT verbal scores. In contrast, the ACT Math benchmark of 22 translates into a score only 10 points higher than the SAT equivalent (540 vs. 530). This is a really remarkable difference. It’s also striking that the benchmarks for the pre-2016 SAT were set at 500 for each section, which converts to about a 560 on the redesigned exam — nearly 100 points higher. So in fact, verbal scores were doubly adjusted downward: once in absolute terms (500 to 480), and then again in relative ones (480 rSAT = 430 SAT). The math, however, corresponds exactly: a 500 on the old exam translates into a 530 on the new. Again, why lower the verbal benchmark this much? In answering this question, I think it’s helpful to consider the purpose of the SAT redesign, namely the intention to compete in, and displace the ACT from, the enormously lucrative state testing markets. Setting the benchmark below the ACT’s was a way of ensuring that more students would be labeled â€Å"college ready† and thus to induce states to drop the ACT in favor of the SAT. If the goal was not to produce students who are actually educated but rather to herd as many 18-year olds as possible into college regardless of their preparation, that was an entirely logical decision. Doing so would also give the impression that students’ English skills are really fine, that STEM is where the real problem lies, a narrative that journalists like the Post’s Nick Anderson have shown themselves perfectly willing to perpetuate. That leads into the second reason, namely that the College Board has a stake in whipping up hysteria around the idea that American students are falling behind in STEM fields. More failure = more reforms = new and improved testing = more money for testing and software companies. The subtext here is also that it is a Very Big Problem if students aren’t performing well in math because achievement in STEM = A Good Job, whereas achievement in English isn’t anything to get excited about. In fact, by setting the bar for reading and writing so much lower than the one for math, the College Board is suggesting that students can be â€Å"college ready† with only very basic skills (an implication that goes hand in hand with the dismissal of moderately challenging college-level vocabulary as â€Å"obscure†). Another related but less obvious reason involves the potential impact on curriculum in states where the SAT is mandated for graduation. Although grammar is technically part of the Common Core Standards, it is not, at least to the best of my knowledge, explicitly tested on state tests. And if it’s not on the state tests, chances are it isn’t being covered in classrooms. (Incidentally, CC puts most of the grammar tested on the SAT in the earlier grades. As far as I can tell, the people who threw the standards together pretty much went down the list of concepts tested on rSAT and semi-arbitrarily distributed them across the elementary grades.) Setting a higher benchmark for English would likely require high school teachers to cover more grammar, which would in turn very probably require funding for professional development — funding that could not be used for STEM subjects. Realistically, given a restricted budget, which one are schools going to choose? Then there’s the reading problem, which is among the thorniest in education. There are so many component pieces, and so many ways in which misunderstandings can occur, that there is no easy way to make students who are already behind into good readers. It is so much easier to just lower the bar and declare that things aren’t so bad after all. *The ACT might also be accused of manipulating its statistics to show a lower baseline of achievement for success in college-level English. Unlike the figures for Reading, Math, and Science, which are based on significantly higher proportions of 4-year college students than 2-year college students, those for English are based on equal numbers of students at 2- and 4-year colleges. In the case of STEM, for which the benchmark score is a 26, only students at 4-year schools (where earning passing grades is presumably more challenging) were considered.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Obesity Rapidly Growing - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1027 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/03/22 Category Health Essay Level High school Tags: Obesity Essay Obesity in America Essay Did you like this example? Obesity is a growing problem in the United States. Arlene Evangelista from the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, says, Obesity is a disease of epidemic proportions. 1 out of 3 Americans have obesity. Obesity as we know is a big problem in the United States. Obesity is overweightness due to a variety of things. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease or, NIDDKD for short, states that obesity is defined as a person whose weight is higher than what is considered as a normal weight. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Obesity Rapidly Growing" essay for you Create order A lot of things can cause obesity. It can range from many different things, such as fast food, alcohol, technology, laziness, sedentary work or lifestyle, low cost of unhealthy living, motorized transportation, stress, and energy saving devices. Studies say that there is not just one cause of obesity. While obesity has been around for centuries, it has grown rapidly over recent years. Andrew Prentice from International Journal of Epidemiology states that the World Health Organization (WHO) is finding themselves having to deal with this epidemic. They also say that obesity and diabetes will affect developing countries and having an increasing amount of new cases of diabetes of tons of people. WHO held a consultation in 1997 warning that the obesity epidemic will escalate obesity and non-communicable disease of many countries. One of the factors for obesity is fast food. Fast food is one of the many reasons to cause obesity. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) says that obesity was the second-leading cause of preventable death in 2002. Today, Americans are considered to be the fattest people in the world after Islanders. Studies show that fast food is a big part in childhood obesity. In the documentary Super-Size Me, Morgan Spurlock ate McDonalds for all 3 meals of the day for 30 days. He gained 20 pounds and had high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Another big part in obesity is alcohol. Alcohol is a big factor in obesity. Straight Talk About Teen Drinking (STATD) says that alcohol is a drug. There are many different alcohol varieties. There is rum, gin, liquor, beer, wine, and many more. STATD says that alcohol is a depressant. It slows down the central nervous system. STATD says, alcohol hinders our judgement, physical sensations, emotional functioning, motor skills, speech, learning ability, and memory. Alcohol is made up of the chemical compound C2H5OH. Some forms of alcohol have more calories in them then others do, with beer being one of the biggest culprits. Drinking this beverage continuously causes your stomach to grow into what is known as a beer belly. Technology is a big part of obesity as well. Technology plays a big role in the growing epidemic of plumpness. This is a big part because it causes laziness of Americans. This is big because technology requires us to take time out of our days to utilize it. Things we use that disturb our days are computers, cellular devices, video games, and television. We send so much time binge watching our favorite shows, looking at social media, and online gaming. From personal experience, teens spend a lot of time on video games whether it is phone games or console. This is generating a big part of obesity. Arlene Evangelista says that 64% of adults and 15% of children and adolescents are overweight. Another big cause of obesity is sedentary work or lifestyle. We tend to be more fat because of our changed living. That means how we now have washing machines and dryers, so we dont have to hand wash everything. Also, the same goes for cleaning dishes. We have dishwashers now. A long time ago there were tons of farmers. They would grow their crops, take what they need to survive, and sell the rest of their crops for profits. Now farmers like that are scarce. A pretty big factor to obesity is unhealthy eating due to good quality foods being more expensive than junk food. Americans tend not to get the healthy foods because they dont have enough or have very little money. This could be because they could have minimum wage jobs, single parents trying to raise kids, or just have food stamps. You can go to McDonalds and get a meal for $5 or less but this total could be doubled going to a healthier restaurant. Motorized transportation is also a big play in obesity. You go to grocery stores and see obese people riding on little carts to get around. This is bad because this limits the amount of exercise that we could get during the day. People rely on vehicles to transport themselves more than walking or riding bicycles. In our community today, there are lots of energy saving devices. When we mow the lawn, we use riding lawn mowers instead of push mowers. Robots are used to do labor-intensive work. During snowstorms, we use snowblowers to move snow instead of shoveling. Elevators and escalators are also used to go up or down floors instead of climbing steps. Though obesity can be caused by stress. Stress could take a big part in obesity. Alexandros Heraclides from Articles Epidemic says work stress has been linked to prospective weight gain. This could be caused by stress eating. A lot of people do this to releave themselves. Of course, there are other ways but that is a main way. The work stress could lead to unhealthy meals due to being constantly on the move. Obesity could also cause depression. Can depression cause obesity? The answer is yes. Everyday Health say that teenagers with symptoms of depression are more likely to become obese within the next year. This could be bad for kids with depression because they are already sad and when they get obese, they will hate themselves more. Thats why depression cause obesity. Obesity can even cause depression too. Is there one specific cause for obesity? The answer is no. There are numerous causes, and some can even hurt a person. Those causes are fast food, alcohol, technology, sedentary work and/or lifestyle, low cost living, motorized transportation, energy saving devices, stress, depression, and many more. That is why many citizens in the United States are rapidly becoming obese.

A Comparison Of Hamilton And Alexander Hamilton - 1149 Words

In early 1790, Alexander Hamilton presented an idea that initially established the National Bank. While Hamilton’s plan was the best solution to the financial difficulties the United States faced, it received a large amount of criticism. Thomas Jefferson vehemently objected to Hamilton’s proposal mainly regarding the constitutionality of the National Bank. In this paper, I argue that Alexander Hamilton’s proposal for the National Bank was better than Thomas Jefferson’s because it created a path to a self-sufficient economy, potential for a thriving economy, and expanded the interpretation of the Constitution. Alexander Hamilton was asked to formulate an idea so that America could depend less of foreign nations to import valuable goods,†¦show more content†¦The other issue to consider is it would leave the United States vulnerable to depend on other nations for supplies, specifically military equipment. Even other simple goods such as foods, spices , and clothing that could potentially all be at risk. Jefferson stated, â€Å"Dependence begets subservience and venality, suffocates the germ of virtue, and prepares fit tools of the designs of ambition,† (Kramnick Lowi, 347). Even though he is making the argument that being reliant on anyone or anything other than oneself is frowned upon, the United States would be dependent upon foreign nations. If his statement was true, America would never be able to develop into a prosperous nation. The idea of an agrarian republic may sound like an ideal society but it would make America weak in comparison to Great Britain. Farmers are a key part to a successful economy, but there also needs to be accountants, businessmen, blacksmiths, and more which Alexander Hamilton suggested. If the United States followed along with Thomas Jefferson’s plan, it would have been disastrous for the economy and future of the country. One of Hamilton’s concerns for the United States was to preserve its public credit. In the â€Å"First Report of Public Credit† Hamilton wrote, â€Å"†¦to be able to borrow upon good terms, it is essential that the credit of a nation be well established,† (Kramnick Lowi, 298). He knew that in order for America to become a thriving nation, the country would need aShow MoreRelatedA Comparison Of Alexander Hamilton And Aaron Burr1156 Words   |  5 Pagesintellect and creativity into a creation. To demonstrate, Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr were praised for their talent and success. On the other hand, there was a distinct difference between the two men as one was merely talented in his craft and the other was a genius. Aaron Burr was a celebrated lawyer and a favored politician but did not create anything groundbreaking in his time (Chernow 677). On the other hand, Alexander Hamilton was not only a talented layer and policy maker; in fact, theRead MoreComparison Of Alexander Hamilton And Thomas Jefferson1213 Words   |  5 PagesAlexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were key Founding Fathers of America who contributed to its freedom and independence. Both men were influential leaders of their time whose visions for the future of the country were clearly contrasting. Hamilton believed for a strong federal government and an economy based on banking. While Jefferson desired for a nation to be controlled by the states and its people. Their competing visions for the United States are still in debate until this day. AlthoughRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Macbeth 1457 Words   |  6 Pageseyes to Alexander Hamilton’s true character traits and it may also open my eyes to why Macbeth was motivated to do such heinous acts. Both Alexander Hamilton and Macbeth come from generally disturbing backgrounds. Hamilton has a considerably less than admirable one, but Macbeth had issues of his own. Hamilton was born in the Caribbean isles with a confusing lineage of who his true birth father was. As a bastard and someone who lost their mother at a very young age, it was up to Hamilton to makeRead MoreAlexander Hamilton And John Marshall1367 Words   |  6 PagesAs a newborn nation, America had many tasks ahead of it, such as structuring a well functioning government, economy, and court system. Two men who had an extreme influence over these things were Alexander Hamilton and John Marshall. Both had brilliant ideas to bring forth and would eventually shape the nation to be a land of economic prosperity and fairness. Hamilton’s financial plan began the emergence of an economically superior country and ended in the creation of political parties that wouldRead MoreAnalysis Of The Musical Hamilton : An America n Story1471 Words   |  6 PagesYour Obedient Servant is one of the last songs in the musical Hamilton: An American Story. This song is based off a set of interactions between the title character, Alexander Hamilton, and his antagonist, Aaron Burr. It follows the Song, Election of 1800, in which Hamilton openly supports Thomas Jefferson to become president instead of Burr after the electoral tie between the two candidates. The tension that has been growing throughout the entire musical has climaxed at that point and then the infamousRead MoreAnalysis Of Aaron Burr s The Duel With Alexander Hamilton 1697 Words   |  7 PagesDuel† with Alexander Hamilton. Not only was dueling illegal in 1804 in New Jersey, which is where the duel occurred, but Aaron Burr was the current Vice President of the United States of America taking part in an event that led to the death of Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton himself was one of the most powerful figures in the Federalist Party and was so w ell known within the party that his advocates believed that he emulated the political energy of George Washington, so the death of Hamilton was a shockRead MoreThe Power of Judicial Review1125 Words   |  5 Pagesindividual states and gave it to the federal government. When the Constitution was ratified, both Brutus (believed to be Robert Yates), and Alexander Hamilton were in a debate over the potential power of the federal government, and more specifically, the power of the Supreme Court in Federalist 78 and Brutus’ eleventh and twelfth letters. Alexander Hamilton supported the proposed system and expressed his belief that the judiciary did not have too much power by any means. Brutus was more concernedRead MoreIn The United States, Voters Have The Choice Between Republican1494 Words   |  6 Pagesabout much debate over how the government should be ran, how big it should be, and how officials would be elected. Through this political turmoil, many agree that two men had strong voices in how the government should be shaped, Founding Fathers Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, and they, combined with the overall eventual setup of the government, are what led to the formation and sustaining of the two-party system that is present today. Studying the topic of the two-party system in America canRead MoreThe Articles Of Confederation And The United States1509 Words   |  7 PagesThe people were also being affected by the political and economic crisis; therefore this led them to be leery towards any type of change in government. The colonist’s fears were also justified due to the power of influential man, such as Madison, Hamilton, and Jefferson. These men had slightly different views than one another about how the government should be throughout the nation. Instead of seeing these men as those who had America’s best interest, they might of saw them as another king, whichRead MoreAnalysis Of The Musical Hamilton 1805 Words   |  8 PagesHamilton Essay The musical â€Å"Hamilton† is the most sought after musical in years. It is the first seen rap musical and it has received the most ‘Tony’ awards and nominations in Broadway history. Hamilton premiered off Broadway in 2015 and soon moved to Broadway to stun the world with it’s incredible everything, from plot to casting. For best albums, Hamilton was second ranked in Billboard magazine and has got endless supply of recognition for the ingenious play written by the phenomenal Lin Manual

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fast Food - 2221 Words

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fast Foods Food that we eat today has changed more in the past 30 years, than in the past 3,000 years. What is even more astonishing is that these changes have occurred without the public even knowing it or having the chance to debate it. How has this happened? We are now a culture that is very distant from where our food comes from. We are alienated from our food industry. We don’t see how the food is made or what chemicals, food coloring or fillers are added to them and this can be very dangerous for us. Fast food companies are especially guilty of wanting to hide information of how their food was made. Many would be in disbelief if they knew where their burgers and chicken nuggets really came from.†¦show more content†¦Increased body fat, along with a high-sugar and high-carbohydrate diet, can increase your body s resistance to insulin, which monitors your blood sugar levels. An article published by the US Department of Health and Human Services states that people who ate fast food two or more times per week were twice as likely to experience insulin resistance. Fast Food is High in Sodium Fast food is typically very high in sodium. A large order of fast food french fries can contain as much as 30% of your daily value of sodium. While important to consume in small amounts, a diet high in sodium can lead to high blood pressure, a potential precursor to heart disease. As excess sodium builds up in your bloodstream, your heart must work harder to pump blood successfully, which can cause hypertension and high blood pressure. Regularly consuming foods high in sodium can greatly increase your chances of developing high blood pressure. Fast Food is Low in Nutrients Many fast food are low in nutrients. Hamburgers served on white bread, french fries and other high-carbohydrate sides and fried or high-fat meats are common fast food menu items, and all lack important nutrients such as vitamins found in fresh produce, fiber found in whole grains and protein served without added fat. Foods which are high in sugar and carbohydrates but low in nutrients are also often less filling thanShow MoreRelatedAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Fast Food1327 Words   |  6 Pagesprevalence of fast food is growing at a rapid pace in more and more countries around the world. The advantages of fast food such as cost, taste, convenience, and fast service makes eating fast food a convenient and cheap source of food for busy individuals. While fast food has its advantages it also has its disadvantages such as high in fat/calories, weight gain, and serious health risks. In this paper, I will discuss the disadvantages of fast food and why they outweigh the advantages whil e exploringRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Fast Food1105 Words   |  5 Pages The Disadvantage of Fast Food  Ã‚   Modern life becomes more and more comfortable, but people are busier and busier with their life. Therefore, people do not have time to cook at home. Some people favor to eat fast food or at restaurants; however, not that many people favor to eat at home. Eating at home or eating at fast food restaurants has advantage and disadvantage, so which one is better?   Eating at a restaurant is similar to eating at home in many ways. Although eating out or cooking at home,Read MoreIs Fast Food Good Or Bad?1100 Words   |  5 PagesAdvantages Disadvantages of Fast Food More than 14, 350 McDonald’s restaurants in the United States alone, and over 18, 875 KFC’s worldwide, only goes to reflect the popularity of fast food all over the world. Fast food can be defined as food that is easily and quickly prepared and is sold in restaurants and snack bars as a quick meal or to be taken out. Such food fits perfectly into the fast-paced life of a modern, working individual. Although nothing appeals more to a hard-working professionalRead MoreAdvantage Of Fast Food993 Words   |  4 Pages When we think about an advantaged to fast food one of the main reasons that comes to mind is convenience. According to a study done by The National Center for Disease and Health Control, it is convenience that has caused a spike in fast food consumption (Hoffman, 2012). Ohio, for example, has one of the most fast food locations per resident in any state. Ohio has more McDonald’s restaurants, 7.1 per 100,000 residents, than any other state and almos t twice as many Burger King’s 3.7 locations perRead MoreAnalysis McDonald’s Franchise in Viet Nam Essay examples1669 Words   |  7 PagesSmall Business Table of contents I. McDonald’s background 1. History 2. Mission and Vision 3. Business objective II. SWOT analysis III. Advantage and disadvantage of MacDonald franchise IV. Investment decision V. Summary VI. References I. Background of MacDonald I.1. History McDonalds’s is a business corporation system of fast food restaurants with approximately 31,000 restaurants in 119 countries to serve 43 million passengers a day under its own brand. The McDonalds’s restaurantRead MoreMgt 401 Week 21447 Words   |  6 Pagescompleting a Comparison of Business matrix, describe benefits by building a sustainable competitive advantage, and giving advantages and disadvantages of each business ownership. Great introduction. You state the purpose and what you plan to address! McDonald’s restaurants are among the most recognizable in the world. Their quintessential arches can be identified in almost every country. This fast-food mogul is one of the biggest and most profitable corporations in the industry (what industry? MakeRead MorePros And Cons Of Fast Food766 Words   |  4 Pagesand it is the tasty fast food. Due to growing health problems and hectic lifestyle, it is hard for people to manage their diet and work. The easiest solution which some people tend to find is to eat fast food, whereas some people also argue about the growing health problems. It is undeniable that the greasy, fatty, unhealthy, and sugary fast food have become part of one’s daily life. Is fast food beneficial for the society or not? Pros: 1. Life is full of stress, and cooking food at home adds-on extraRead MoreAnalyzing Whether Or Not Fast Food Industries1414 Words   |  6 PagesAnalysing whether or not fast food industries are the cause of Australia’s rise in obesity levels â€Æ' Table of Contents List of figures 1 Executive summary 2 Introduction 2 Social issues 2 Ethical issues 3 Environmental issues 3 Economic issues 3 Benefits (for) 4 Disadvantages (against) 4 Recommendations/Conclusion 5 Bibliography 6 List of figures FIGURE 1: WEEKLY SPENDING ON TAKEAWAY MEALS FIGURE 2: WITH OR WITHOUT FRIES FIGURE 3: PERCENTAGES OF FOOD BUDGETS FIGURE 4: FAST FOOD VS RESTAURANTS â€Æ' EXECUTIVERead MoreFinal Paper1110 Words   |  5 PagesMcDonald’s is always keeping up with food trends and is continually tuned in to their customer’s needs and wants. Because of this, McDonald’s has successfully shifted into a more â€Å"healthy† approach to their menu. Within the last few years, many people have begun to switch to a more healthy diet. According to the Huffington Post, in 2014 more men, women and children alike have started paying more attention to what they are consuming. They have focused on â€Å"super† foods and have gone on fitness crazes.Read MoreFast Food Restaurants Are Not A Healthy Choice Essay812 Words   |  4 Pages Fast food restaurants are common trend and fashion in people’s life style. Most of the fast food chains such as McDonald’s, KFc are perfect in the business and in the fast food industry. Colorful decorations, icons, and advertising tips give people attraction the business. The new generatio n of the fast food restaurants are trying to provide healthier choices for customer, but most of people still believe that fast food is unhealthy. Many fast food restaurants are trying to using healthier way

The Movie Star Trek II The Wrath Of Khan - 960 Words

â€Å"Each film is only as good as its villain. Since the heroes and the gimmicks tend to repeat from film to film, only a great villain can transform a good try into a triumph.† This is a great point from Robert Ebert in his review of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. This holds true for fairy tales as well. Villains are almost always the most interesting part of the tale, they’re usually women, and more closely represent us as humans than heroes and heroines. Villains seem to be the most intriguing characters of fairy tales, whether it’s their scary charm or their suspenseful motives. Villains inject many memorable events in tales and they have an interesting way of doing it. â€Å"Villains also have more fun than their angsty, conflict-ridden counterpart† Aja Romano writes in an article for The Daily Dot. It surely seems that way, doesn’t it? Villains are usually having fun in their evil ploys all the way until their evil plans are foiled and they get their consequences. Villains have admirable qualities; they awaken the inner wild child in the readers or viewers. They evoke a sense of almost rooting for them at times. Villains always have power as opposed to their counterpart’s kindness and lack of assertiveness and sense of power. Especially in princess fairy tales, the villain usually is the more powerful and assertive character while the heroine is a more sweet and nurturing character and usually lacks the power characteristic. Some may argue against this, what aboutShow MoreRelatedFractals: How They Are Self-Similarity Essay652 Words   |  3 Pagesthen broke it up into more triangles creating a decent mountain range in a much shorter time than it would have taken to do it all by hand. He later left the airline company to work for Lucas Films and created the first fully animated landscape in Star Trek. The most common style for coding most often used in videos games is to hard code every element of the game. This makes an environment in which the creators have complete control over every detail; but they had to do all the details by hand. ProceduralRead MoreAnalysis Of Kirstie Alley, An Accurate Representation Of A Memoir1015 Words   |  5 Pagesreligious belief created by L. Ron Hubbard. In 1982, she got her break in the film industry playing a Vulcan student by the name of Saavik in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan and played a major role in North and South a television miniseries. Her rise to stardom came in the late 1980’s when she joined the cast of Cheers replacing Shelly Long. Kirstie’s movie career took off around this time in the thriller Shoot to Kill and the comedy Look Who’s Talking with John Travolta. After Cheers, Kirstie staredRead MoreMusic Is Vital For Film From The First Silent Film1608 Words   |  7 PagesThis paper discusses the history and methods of music in film, explains the psychological power of music in film, the advancement of technology for music in film, and provides a few examples of composers who have written music for film. Many novice â€Å"movie-goers† believe that film score music and the soundtracks they listen to all began with film, but its tradition is actually much older. The approach to writing film music goes much farther back then the first film created, circa 1895, and even goesRead MoreThe Medical Ethics Of Human Experimentation1793 Words   |  8 PagesWhen one researches about the medical ethics in human experimentation, it is difficult to disregard the harsh realities of it. As Leonard Nimoy stated in his role as Spock in the movie, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, â€Å"the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few†. This is the cruel truth that be seen everywhere, but many people tend to ignore it since it is such a dreary thought. Many people, especially those in third world countries, are exploited every day. Large corporate companies comeRead MoreWalt Disney and Toy Story11680 Words   |  47 Pagesas Pixar had enthralled audiences with the first feature lengt h computer-generated film in 1995, Disney had captivated theatergoers with the launch of Snow White, the world’s first feature length animation, in 1937. At the cost of $1,488,422, the movie had represented yet another first for the innovative studio that had already introduced the world to Steamboat Willie, often credited as the first animated cartoon to feature synchronized sound in 1928[16] (According to film historians Max Fleischer

Black Civil Rights Essay Example For Students

Black Civil Rights Essay More than a hundred years ago the Europeans brought slaves to North America. The blacks found themselves in the midst of prejudice whites with no way out. When the blacks came over Jim Crow laws were incorporated. With these laws itwas near impossible for blacks to rise in the white world. Booker T. Washingtonwas the first black to rise to any prominence in this time. In the early 1900sblacks however began to fight back. In 1909 black advancement organizationsbegan to increase all over North America. Unfortunately with the rise of thesegroups also came the rise of racist white groups like the Ku Klux Klan andothers brutally killing blacks. All blacks coming into N. America were beingbrought into a very hostile environment. The first sign of blacks becoming more equal was the blacks to fight in theWorld War. For the first time they were looked upon as war veterans instead ofblack slaves. Although progress was beginning a black man named Garvey believedthat the whites would never change, because of this he started an associationcalled Back to Africa. At the coming of the Second World War, blacksparticipating in the war were being more important positions than ever before. Franklin Roosevelt was the first president to make a strong contribution tothe Civil Rights movement. He had signed a declaration that stated no one couldbe discriminated in the work place and other areas based on race. Also the highcourt passed a law that enabled black children to have the same educationopportunities as white children. It was in December 1955 that Rosa Parks made a big step for civil rights bydoing a very small but courageous thing. She was arrested for not giving up herseat to a white man on a bus, which broke one of the many Jim Crow laws. Withthat one action black activist hired Martin Luther King Jr. to boycott the buslaws. This boycott of the Jim Crow transportation laws was a complete success,launching Martin Luther King Jr. into national stardom with the accomplishment. King often acted on and admired the ways of M. Gandhi. Soon blacks all overbegan to non-violently protest many segregated places. In turn many places weredesegregated. President John F. Kennedy was a strong force also in the fight forblack civil rights and his assassination in 1963 did cause setbacks. The blacksin the North felt that they had to do more than the blacks in the South to makea difference but they didnt have a voice. That was until Malcolm X joined thevoice of Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X did make a difference but he was notliked by many whites and even was strongly disliked by black Muslims. Soon laterblack Muslims shot and killed Malcolm X, not much later Martin Luther King Jr. was also assassinated, and another great voice was silenced. Jesse Jackson arose the killing in 1965. He started many organizations tohelp support blacks and civil rights. Also to show that the equality betweenblacks and whites was getting stronger Jackson ran for President of the UnitedStates in both 1984 and 1988, not only becoming a threat in the civil rightsmovement but as a political icon also. His message was and still is well likedby both blacks and whites, as he sends the message of true equality and not justpower to blacks. Poverty, education, and racism are still part of todayssociety and in political battle with each other, but the efforts of all theblacks are paying off for everyone. The world does seem to be getting better. .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .postImageUrl , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:hover , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:visited , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:active { border:0!important; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:active , .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0 .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uef07132971434719258a377be7d6d3b0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Dbq Constitutional Convention EssayCategory: Social Issues

The Good, Bad and Ugly of Fracking free essay sample

There is a gold rush going on right now. Man is breaking the earth, looking for natural gas. It’s a mad scene, with hucksters on every side of the issue. There is a lot going on underground and that process is called Fracking. The word alone can stir up controversy. The process of extracting natural gas through hydraulic fracturing or â€Å"fracking,† might summon in someone’s imagination an environment and damaged communities. Natural gas hides from sight it is invisible. Perhaps envisioned a prettier picture—one that involves clean-burning fuel, job growth and affordable energy. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) states that fracking â€Å"is the process of injecting large volumes of water, sand and chemicals into the ground at high pressure to break up shale formation allowing more efficient recovery of oil and gas† (Walter). This practice has grown rapidly over the course of the last decade thanks to improved technologies, but it also has fostered debates concerning its environmental, health and safety impact along the way. The process of hydraulic fracturing – shooting water, sand, and chemicals at high pressure into underground wells to release natural gas – is a divisive issue. Some say it dumps chemicals into ground water supplies; others argue it causes earthquakes, and still others think it can revolutionize America’s energy industry. Environmentalists argue that fracking contaminates ground and surface water – a charge the gas companies deny. Here’s the problem: the fracking process begins with a well drilled deep underground. Horizontal passages are then drilled outward from the bottom of the well. Water, sand and chemicals are pumped at high pressure through the water is insignificant, and it has never been proven that those chemicals rise ground water supplies. On the other hand, environmentalists say the downward drilling process, if done poorly, releases chemicals into both ground and surface water. Both arguments are strong, which is why no one can agree whether fracking is a good or bad thing. The science is not settled; arguments are hurled back and forth by both gas companies and environmentalists. On the earthquake issue, seismologists say it is possible fracking can cause small earthquakes. The British Geological Survey researched the Blackpool earthquakes, and the conclusion was reasonable. However, they did come back and say, â€Å"the chances of getting a very large earthquake are insignificant† (Walter). Meanwhile, a contaminated water supply is a hotly-debated issue: there have been cases where fracking has polluted water supplies as a result of poor oversight and procedures, but it does seem that if done correctly, fracking is not nearly as environmentally disruptive as traditional oil and gas extraction. One thing that is settled are the benefits homegrown natural gas adds to the US energy industry. As chemist and author rich Trzupek wrote recently: â€Å"America has become, in the eyes of energy professions, the Saudi Arabia of natural gas thanks to shale gas. The doe estimates that shale gas reserves alone are 750 trillion cubic feet. (McGraw). Combines with other domestic sources of natural gas, the United States has enough natural gas to last for over a century, and the numbers continue to climb. In areas where shale gas drilling is happening, the good times are rolling. Not only are people making money from the energy sales, jobs are created down the line, from the companies who support drilling operations down to the service industries that provide workers with food and shelter† (McGraw). According to Carlton Carroll, American Petroleum Institute (API) the oil and natural gas industry’s number one priority is safety. It is very important to maintain a perfect safety record but even one incident is way too many. In a December 2012 press release, API called the extraction from natural gas from shale â€Å"the most important domestic energy development in the last fifty years†¦poised to reshape American manufacturing. † And Chevron’s web site touts the practice for â€Å"providing the United States with reliable, affordable, cleaner and responsibly produced energy† (Walter). Developing these natural gas resources can help enhance the country’s energy security, strengthen local and state economies, and fuel job growth. Many Americans, oppose any kind of pollution. However, here are reasons to support fracking: 1. It can lead to our nation becoming energy independent 2. It will provide an enormous boost to our state and local economies 3. It has already driven down natural gas prices to the point where utilities are replacing dirty coal-fired power plants with cleaner natural gas-burning plans and increasingly vehicles are burning natural gas instead of dirtier gasoline 4. It will provide many well-paying jobs to geologists, well drillers, office workers, truck drivers, construction workers, and many more. So what is the snag—and how serious is it? Communities where fracking has taken place, notably in Ohio and Pennsylvania, protest the noise and scarring of the landscaping during the initial explorations. Restoration and compensation can better those concerns. The most significant fear is that the wastewater with chemicals from the fracking process, called, flowback, can contaminate the aquifers and drinking water. State regulators in Alaska, Colorado, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Oklahoma, Pennslvania, South Dakota, Texas and Wyoming have stated that there have been no verified or documented cases of groundwater contamination as a result of hydraulic fracking (Zuckerman). The process uses about 99 percent water and sand, the rest being a solution of a few chemicals (Zuckerman). Most drilling experts have asserted that it is highly improbable that fracking liquids will contaminate drinking water. Fortunately, no cases exist in which the fracking process itself has caused drilling liquids to contaminate drinking water. The issue then is whether the flowback hazard can remain at acceptable levels. The real risk of water contamination comes from these flowback fluids leaking into streams or seeping down into groundwater after reaching the surface. This can be caused by leaky wellheads, holding tanks or blowouts. Wellheads are made sufficiently safe to prevent this eventuality; holding tanks can be made secure; and blowouts, while problematic, are like all accidents caused by human error. The energy industry has long stressed that fracking and water contamination has never been definitibely linked.